Research Papers

Motion Simulation Experiments for Driver Behavior and Road Vehicle Dynamics

[+] Author and Article Information
Kemper Lewis1

Professor Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,  University at Buffalo – SUNY, Buffalo, NY 14260, USAkelewis@buffalo.edu

Kevin Hulme

Senior Research Associate New York State Center for Engineering Design and Industrial Innovation,  University at Buffalo – SUNY, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA

Edward Kasprzak

Vehicle Dynamicist Milliken Research Associates, Williamsville, NY 14221, USA

Deborah Moore-Russo

Assistant Professor Graduate School of Education,  University at Buffalo – SUNY, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA

Gregory Fabiano

Assistant Professor Counseling, School, and Educational Psychology,  University at Buffalo – SUNY, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA


Corresponding author.

J. Comput. Inf. Sci. Eng 11(4), 041001 (Sep 13, 2011) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3617437 History: Received January 22, 2010; Revised April 29, 2010; Published September 13, 2011; Online September 13, 2011

This paper discusses the design and development of a motion-based driving simulation and its integration into driving simulation research. The integration of the simulation environment into a road vehicle dynamics curriculum is also presented. The simulation environment provides an immersive experience to conduct a wide range of research on driving behavior, vehicle design and intelligent traffic systems. From an education perspective, the environment is designed to promote hands-on student participation in real-world engineering experiences that enhance conventional learning mechanisms for road vehicle dynamics and engineering systems analysis. The paper assesses the impact of the environment on student learning objectives in an upper level vehicle dynamics course and presents results from research involving teenage drivers. The paper presents an integrated framework for the use of real-time simulation and large-scale visualization to both study driving behaviors and to discover the impact that design decisions have on vehicle design using a realistic simulated driving interface.

Copyright © 2011 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figure 1

The bicycle model of the automobile

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Figure 2

The bilinear tire model, shown for turning in one direction

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Figure 3

Typical nonlinear tire data

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Figure 4

Roll axis and roll stiffness

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Figure 5

University at Buffalo driving simulator

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Figure 6

Four channel screen arrangement

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Figure 7

Driver control panel

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Figure 8

Software framework

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Figure 9

Six channel virtual workspace (control room monitor view)

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Figure 10

Skidpad (experiment #1)

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Figure 11

Tri-radial speedway (experiment #2)

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Virtual highway with speedbumps (experiment #3)

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Figure 13

Survey questions 1–2

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Figure 14

Survey questions 3–4

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Survey question 5 (Group 1)

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Survey question 5 (Group 2)

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Construction zone hazard (experiment #4)

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Figure 18

Deer crossing hazard (experiment #4)

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Figure 19

Impact of texting while driving



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