This paper discusses measurements of the discharge coefficients of gas turbine nozzle guide vane film cooling holes under fully engine representative conditions. These unique experiments were carried out in a large scale annular blowdown cascade which models the three-dimensional external, flow patterns found in modern aero-engines, including all secondary flow phenomena. Furthermore, the coolant system design allows the coolant-to-mainstream density ratio and blowing parameter to be matched to engine values, although they can be independently varied.
The results confirm that the discharge coefficients of film cooling holes are significantly altered by external crossflow. The discharge coefficient is usually reduced by external crossflow, but under certain external flow conditions it can be increased over the non-crossflow case. This previously unhightighted phenomenon has been termed ‘the crossover effect’, and, although an initially surprising result, is of importance to aero-engine designers as taking account of it should lead to improved predictions of coolant consumption. As a consequence, more uniform blade cooling should be achieved and, in turn, the attainment of greater component durability will be possible.