The aerodynamic characteristics of turbine cascades are thought to be relatively satisfactory due to the favorable pressure of the accelerating flow. But within the low Reynolds number region of 50,000 where the 300kW ceramic gas turbines which are being developed under the New-Sunshine Project of Japan operate, the characteristics such as boundary layer separation and reattachment which lead to prominent power losses cannot be easily predicted.
In this research, experiments have been conducted to evaluate the performance of a linear two dimensional turbine cascade. Surface pressure distributions of the airfoil were measured for a range of blade chord Reynolds numbers from 40,000 to 160,000 (at inlet), and at 1.3% inlet turbulence intensity. In addition, the wake of the cascade was measured simultaneously using a five hole pilot tube. Traverses of the wake show that there is a drastic increase in the mean total pressure loss at the wake between the Reynolds number of 80,000 to 40,000, and in some conditions, a rise as much as 10% was confirmed. Thus, in accordance with the pressure distribution of the surface of the airfoil, a relation between the total pressure loss and the length of the laminar separation bubble formed on the airfoil could be seen.