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Research Papers

A Human-Centered Design of General-Purpose Unmanned Electric Vehicle Chassis for Agriculture Task Payload

[+] Author and Article Information
Kuang Ma

School of Design,
Otago Polytechnic,
100 ANZAC Avenue,
Otago,
Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
e-mail: makuang@mac.com

Ziming Qi

Director of Centre for Research,
Engineering, and Design,
New Zealand;
Otago Polytechnic,
100 ANZAC Avenue,
Otago,
Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
e-mail: tqi@op.ac.nz

Contributed by the Computers and Information Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SCIENCE IN ENGINEERING. Manuscript received January 26, 2016; final manuscript received August 18, 2016; published online February 16, 2017. Assoc. Editor: ChiKit Au.

J. Comput. Inf. Sci. Eng 17(3), 031004 (Feb 16, 2017) (6 pages) Paper No: JCISE-16-1041; doi: 10.1115/1.4034740 History: Received January 26, 2016; Revised August 18, 2016

This paper presents the design process of a novel general-purpose electric vehicle chassis as agriculture payload carrier platform to perform agricultural tasks: detection, guidance, mapping, and action. This design applied a human-centered design frameworks and processes: Kumar's seven modes of the design innovation process, and the three lenses of human-centered design by IDEO. After approach from three design-project perspectives mapping, a universal electric-powered multiwheel independent drive and independent steering robotic vehicle platform is designed for agricultural application. A real size prototype has been built to prove the design.

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References

Hunt, E. R. , Daughtry, C. S. T. , Mirsky, S. B. , and Hively, W. D. , 2014, “ Remote Sensing With Simulated Unmanned Aircraft Imagery for Precision Agriculture Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Appl. Earth Obs. Remote Sens., 7(11), pp. 4566–4571. [CrossRef]
Auat Cheein, F. A. , and Carelli, R. , 2013, “ Agricultural Robotics: Unmanned Robotic Service Units in Agricultural Tasks,” IEEE Ind. Electron. Mag., 7(3), pp. 48–58. [CrossRef]
Feng, Q. , Zheng, W. , Qiu, Q. , Jiang, K. , and Guo, R. , 2012, “ Study on Strawberry Robotic Harvesting System,” IEEE International Conference in Computer Science and Automation Engineering (CSAE), May 25–27, pp. 320–324.
Aljanobi, A. A. , Al-hamed, S. A. , and Al-Suhaibani, S. A. , 2010, “ A Setup of Mobile Robotic Unit for Fruit Harvesting,” IEEE 19th International Workshop in Robotics in Alpe-Adria-Danube Region (RAAD), pp. 105–108.
Liu, Y. C. , 2012, “ Design on Drive System of the Four-Wheel-Driven Small Electric Vehicle,” 2nd International Conference in Consumer Electronics, Communications and Networks (CECNet), Apr. 21–23, pp. 2533–2536.
Patino, H. D. , Tosetti, S. , and Capraro, F. , 2009, “ Adaptive Critic Designs-Based Autonomous Unmanned Vehicles Navigation: Application to Robotic Farm Vehicles,” IEEE Symposium in Adaptive Dynamic Programming and Reinforcement Learning (ADPRL '09), Mar. 30–Apr. 2.
Kumar, V. , 2013, 101 Design Methods: A Structured Approach for Driving Innovation in Your Organization, Wiley, Hoboken, NJ.
IDEO, 2009, “ Human-Centered Design Toolkit,” IDEO, Palo Alto, CA.
Lamp, A. , 2015, “ The Value of Balancing Desirability, Feasibility and Viability,” Tempe, AZ, accessed Aug. 14, 2015, http://forty.co/value-balancing-desirability-feasibility-viability
Ma, K. , 2015, “ The Future Development of Innovative Multi Wheel Vehicles,” Assignment for Master of Design Enterprise MDE404, Otago Polytechnic, Dunedin, New Zealand (unpublished).

Figures

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Fig. 1

Kumar's seven modes of the design innovation process

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Fig. 2

Human-centered design process flow based on the three lenses by IDEO

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Fig. 3

The overlap of three design-projects perspectives

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Fig. 4

The multiple modes approaching of adapting Kumar's frameworks

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Fig. 5

A power-on-wheel unit

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Fig. 6

System structure of 4WIDIS EV

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Fig. 7

All the direction maneuverability of 4WIDIS EV

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Fig. 8

Capability features of the new concepts

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Fig. 9

Conceptual landscape for future development direction of 4WIDIS EV

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Fig. 10

Project concept landscape mapping

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Fig. 11

Prototype design drawing

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Fig. 12

Final fully functional prototype

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