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research-article

Mass Customization: Reuse of Digital Slicing for Additive Manufacturing

[+] Author and Article Information
Tsz-Ho Kwok

Epstein Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089
tszhokwo@usc.edu

Hang Ye

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260
hye2@buffalo.edu

Yong Chen

Epstein Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089
yongchen@usc.edu

Chi Zhou

Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260
chizhou@buffalo.edu

Wenyao Xu

Department of Computer Science and Engineering University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260
wenyaoxu@buffalo.edu

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4034010 History: Received May 06, 2016; Revised June 20, 2016

Abstract

Additive manufacturing, also known as 3D printing, enables production of complex customized shapes without requiring specialized tooling and fixture, and mass customization can then be realized with larger adoption. The slicing procedure is one of the fundamental tasks for 3D printing, and the slicing resolution has to be very high for fine fabrication, especially in the recent developed Continuous Liquid Interface Production (CLIP) process.The slicing procedure is then becoming the bottleneck in the pre-fabrication process, which could take hours for one model. This becomes even more significant in mass customization, where hundreds or thousands of models have to be fabricated. We observe that the customized products are generally in a same homogeneous class of shape with small variation. Our study finds that the slicing information of one model can be reused for other models in the same homogeneous group under a properly defined parameterization. Experimental results show that the reuse of slicing information have a maximum of 50 times speedup, and its utilization is dropped from more than 90% to less than 50% in the pre-fabrication process.

Copyright (c) 2016 by ASME
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