The purpose of this paper is to discuss the impacts of critical elements on green supply chain management (GSCM) in the Electrical and Electronic Industries in Taiwan. One-thousand questionnaires were sent to Electrical and Electronics Industries in Taiwan; 180 valid questionnaires were returned using amos 18.0 to analyze the data. The results suggest that institutional pressure is an important factor affecting companies' promotion of GSCM. Companies face the pressure exerted by the institutional environment, which will affect the enterprises executives' cognition and emotion on the institutional environment, thus leading to an environmental commitment. Additionally, the results demonstrate that GSCM improves the enterprises' environmental performance, economic performance, and operating performance, ultimately leading to sustainable development.