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Research Papers

Towards a Reference Architecture for Archival Systems: Use Case With Product Data

[+] Author and Article Information
Raphael Barbau

Le2i, Université de Bourgogne,
BP 47870, 21078 Dijon, France;
Systems Integration Division,
National Institute of Standards and Technology,
Gaithersburg, MD 20899

Joshua Lubell, Sudarsan Rachuri

Systems Integration Division,
National Institute of Standards and Technology,
Gaithersburg, MD 20899

Sebti Foufou

CSE Department,
CENG, Qatar University,
Doha, Qatar;
Le2i, Université de Bourgogne,
BP 47870, 21078 Dijon, France

1Corresponding author.

This material is declared a work of the U.S. government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.Contributed by the Computers and Information Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SCIENCE IN ENGINEERING. Manuscript received February 10, 2014; final manuscript received February 25, 2014; published online April 28, 2014. Editor: Bahram Ravani.

J. Comput. Inf. Sci. Eng 14(3), 031005 (Apr 28, 2014) (12 pages) Paper No: JCISE-14-1046; doi: 10.1115/1.4027150 History: Received February 10, 2014; Revised February 25, 2014

Long-term preservation of product data is imperative for many organizations. A product data archive should be designed to ensure information accessibility and understanding over time. Approaches, such as the Open Archival Information System Reference Model (OAIS RM) and the Audit and Certification of Trustworthy Digital Repositories (ACTDR), provide a framework for conceptually describing and evaluating archives. These approaches are generic and do not focus on particular contexts or content types such as product data. Moreover, these approaches offer no guidance on how to formally and comprehensively describe archival systems. Such descriptions should include the business activities that a product data archive has to support and the systems that interact with the archive. Enterprise architecture provides a means to describe systems in their potentially complex environments. This paper proposes a holistic approach to formally describe the architecture and the environment of archival systems. This approach relies on the formal representation of the preservation terminology, including OAIS concepts, using the Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DoDAF). The approach covers the various interactions of other business functions with the archive and the information models necessary to ensure preservation and accessibility of product data. This approach is a step towards a reference architecture for the formal description of archival systems. To demonstrate the approach, we formally describe the ingest of product data related to a ship. The resulting description uses the preservation terminology defined in the OAIS Reference Model. It facilitates the understanding of how the preservation solution is actually implemented and provides evidence that the solution is able to preserve product data and make it accessible.

U.S. Government
Topics: Preservation
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Figures

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Fig. 1

OAIS functional model

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Fig. 2

Presentation of the approach

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Fig. 3

Notation used for stereotypes

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Fig. 4

Extension of ExchangeElement

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Fig. 5

Extension of EntityItem

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Extension of nodes

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Extension of operational activities

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Extension of services

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Fig. 9

Extension of function

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Fig. 10

Extension of constraints

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Fig. 11

Extension of standards

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Fig. 12

3D representation of a fuel oil system

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OV-2 view for ingest and access of product data

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Fig. 14

DIV-1 view of the LEAPS SIP

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DIV-1 view of generic product metadata

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Fig. 16

Generic product metadata for a particular CAD file

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Fig. 17

DIV-1 view of conceptual metadata for LEAPS information

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Fig. 18

LEAPS information related to a part

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Fig. 19

DIV-1 view of conceptual metadata for CAD files

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Fig. 20

CAD metadata related to a part

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Fig. 21

StdV-1 view of formats used in the SIP

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Fig. 22

Ingest activity (OV-5b)

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Fig. 23

Ingest and access rules (OV-6a)

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Fig. 24

Sequence diagram of the ingest scenario (OV-6c)

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