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Research Papers

A Novel Pattern for Energy Estimation Framework and Tools to Compute Energy Consumption in Product Life Cycle

[+] Author and Article Information
He Huang

e-mail: hhuang85@gmail.com

Gaurav Ameta

e-mail: gameta@wsu.edu
School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering,
Washington State University,
Pullman, WA 99163-2920

Contributed by the Computers and Information Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF COMPUTING AND INFORMATION SCIENCE IN ENGINNERING. Manuscript received March 30, 2012; final manuscript received October 9, 2013; published online January 10, 2014. Editor: Bahram Ravani.

J. Comput. Inf. Sci. Eng 14(1), 011002 (Jan 10, 2014) (12 pages) Paper No: JCISE-12-1054; doi: 10.1115/1.4025718 History: Received March 30, 2012; Revised October 09, 2013

Excessive energy consumption has become a worldwide issue in today's design and manufacturing industry. An energy estimation framework that could later be used to integrate with CAD/CAM systems is in demand. This research develops a novel pattern to estimate energy consumptions. The pattern involves a software energy estimation framework and various software energy computational tools. Using this pattern, energy can be calculated by an energy estimation framework which can be attached with diverse energy computational tools. These computational tools can be designed for any purpose to calculate energy consumptions during a product life-cycle and for various manufacturing processes. The framework involved in this pattern features to be domain independent and flexible so that it will be expandable for different manufacturing domains and customizable for users. Details for developing such pattern are presented. Interaction between the framework and its computational tools is also discussed. With help of this pattern, energy estimation framework and energy computational tools can interact smoothly, and the development of computational tools can be extended or expanded for any purpose. Knowledge engineers who exert to integrate knowledge into computer systems can interpret domain-specific knowledge and share their expertise to improve the framework. The framework also assists users who have little knowledge about energy computations to estimate energy consumptions during the design stage, leading to products with reduced energy.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Four phases of a product life cycle

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Fig. 3

Class diagram of energy estimation framework

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Fig. 4

Example of an XML file and its schema

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Fig. 5

Class diagram of CXML class

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Fig. 6

Algorithm of XML parsing

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Fig. 7

Functionality of interfaces of the energy estimation framework

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Fig. 8

Interface of the energy estimation framework

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Fig. 9

Functions in knowledge management module

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Fig. 10

Components in energy estimation module

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Fig. 11

Data flow of energy estimation framework

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Fig. 12

Communication between energy estimation framework and its computational tools

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Fig. 13

Industrial cases: Sliding mount and cardan adapter, (a) assembly of sliding mount unit, (b) left block of the unit, (c) center block of the unit, (d) right block of the unit, and (e) cardan adapter.

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Fig. 15

(a) Extraction phase energy estimation for cardan adapter and (b) result stored by extraction phase energy estimation tool

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Fig. 16

(a) Design and manufacturing phase energy estimation for cardan adapter and (b) result stored by design and manufacturing phase energy estimation tool

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Fig. 17

(a) Disposal phase energy estimation for cardan adapter and (b) result stored by disposal phase energy estimation tool

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Fig. 18

PLC energy estimation for (a) sliding mount assembly and (b) cardan adapter

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Fig. 19

PLC computational results for (a) sliding mount assembly displayed by the framework in a dialog box and (b) cardan adapter stored by the framework in XML file

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