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Research Papers

Drivers’ Perception of Loss of Adherence in Bends: Influence of Motion Rendering

[+] Author and Article Information
Thomas Denoual

RENAULT,  Technical Center for Simulation Avenue du golf – 78288 Guyancourt, France;  LUNAM Université, CNRS, Ecole Centrale de Nantes, IRCCyN (Institut de Recherche en Communications et Cybernétique de Nantes), 1 rue de la Noë, BP 92101, 44321 Nantes Cedex 3, France e-mail: thomas.denoual@renault.com

Franck Mars

 LUNAM Université, CNRS, Ecole Centrale de Nantes, IRCCyN (Institut de Recherche en Communications et Cybernétique de Nantes), 1 rue de la Noë, BP 92101, 44321 Nantes Cedex 3, France e-mail: franck.mars@irccyn.ec-nantes.fr

Jean-François Petiot

LUNAM Université, CNRS, Ecole Centrale de Nantes,  IRCCyN (Institut de Recherche en Communications et Cybernétique de Nantes), 1 rue de la Noë, BP 92101, 44321 Nantes Cedex 3, France e-mail: jean-francois.petiot@irccyn.ec-nantes.fr

Gilles Reymond

RENAULT,  Technical Center for Simulation, Avenue du golf – 78288 Guyancourt, France e-mail: gilles.reymond@renault.com

Andras Kemeny

RENAULT,  Technical Center for Simulation, Avenue du golf – 78288 Guyancourt, France; Institut Image, 2 rue Thomas Dumourey, 71100 Chalons-sur-Saone, France e-mail: andras.kemeny@renault.com; andras.kemeny@ensam.eu

J. Comput. Inf. Sci. Eng 11(4), 041004 (Sep 13, 2011) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3622752 History: Received August 28, 2010; Revised June 10, 2011; Published September 13, 2011; Online September 13, 2011

This paper investigated drivers’ perception during situations of loss of adherence (LOA) in static and dynamic driving simulators. The intensity and duration of the LOA were manipulated. Results show that drivers were able to correctly discriminate the different conditions of LOA in both simulators. They also highlight the importance of nonvisual information, with steering wheel haptic cues predominating for the static simulator and both the steering wheel and motion platform predominating for the dynamic simulator. This study is a first step in developing an evaluation method for electronic stability control (ESC) handling in high-performance simulator experiments.

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Copyright © 2011 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 1

(a) IRCCyN driving simulator. (b) Ultimate Renault driving simulator

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Figure 2

Time to stability computation after LOA episode

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Figure 3

Subjective answers about intensity and duration perceived, danger and control feeling for Experiment 1 (a)–(d) and for Experiment 2 (e)–(h)

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Figure 4

Subjective answers of visual and steering wheel perception of the LOA for Experiment 1 (a,b) and for Experiment 2 (d,e). Physical movement feeling on static simulator (c) and motion perception of the LOA on dynamic simulator

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Figure 5

TTS indicator for static (a) and dynamic simulator (b)

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